Laveen /ləˈviːn/ is an "urban village" within the city of Phoenix in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, situated eight miles (13 km) southwest of Downtown Phoenix between South Mountain and the confluence of the Gila and Salt rivers. Parts of Laveen constitute an unincorporated community in Maricopa County, while the remainder falls within the city limits of Phoenix, constituting the city's "Laveen Village" Laveen Village is split between District 7 and District 8, both notable as minority-majority districts for the city. Although Laveen has been home to "pastoral alfalfa, cotton, and dairy farms" since the 1880s, housing and commercial developments have been increasingly urbanizing the area.
The Laveen area was first settled by farmers and dairymen in 1884. Despite its proximity to Phoenix, the community was isolated from its larger neighbor by the Salt River, which until the Roosevelt Dam was completed in 1911 carried water year-round. The only bridged crossing was at Central Avenue, more than six miles (10 km) away. Because of its isolation, like the rest of south Phoenix early Laveen was autonomous of Phoenix and became relatively self-sufficient, supporting two general stores, a barbershop, repair garage, two pool halls, and a building for the Laveen Women's Club. These businesses served as important gathering places for the greater Laveen community, which includes modern south Phoenix and the neighboring Gila River Indian Community (GRIC).
In 2000, a commercial home builder broke ground on "Arlington Estates", a large residential development in what, at the time, was rural Laveen. Since that time, the community has experienced explosive residential growth. That growth has been tempered, however, by community activist groups, such as the LCC and two newer groups, "Laveen Citizens for Responsible Development" (LCRD) and "South Laveen Against High Density" (SLAHD). These groups put pressure on developers to include equestrian trails, open spaces, and other bucolic and rural elements in new developments. For example, when Wal-Mart opened its Laveen location in 2007 it looked "a little different than most other Wal-Marts. The face of the building has more of a rural design and there is more dense and mature landscaping than other Walmart stores."
Although official zoning recommendations for the area of Laveen falling within the city of Phoenix come from the Laveen Planning Commission (LPC), the Phoenix City Council has historically taken the recommendations of both the commission and the LCRD into consideration when voting on zoning matters. Zoning is both the county and city areas of Laveen is guided by a master plan called the Southwest Regional Growth Study.
In the 1980s, the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) proposed building part of the 202 Freeway through Laveen. ADOT later shelved its plans due to funding problems. However, the freeway construction eventually began and the extension, passing through most of Laveen at about 59th Avenue, officially opened on December 21, 2019. As a result, there are plans for a new Laveen hospital, regional retail centers, and potential Spring Training expansion in 2011-2012. A new retail development called Laveen Park Place opened around the time of the freeway opening, with tenants such as Sprouts, MOD Pizza, and Aspen Dental having opened for business as of December 2019. Currently, TJ Maxx and Michael's stores are being built adjacent to the Sprouts building at Laveen Park Place. A Harkins Theatre is expected to open in late 2020.
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Listing Information Current As Of Oct 27, 2021 1:47:am